A heel spur is a special condition where calcium deposits build up between the heel and the arch of the foot. It can happen independently of external factors or be related to an underlying health condition and be a side effect of a chronic illness. People often assume that heel spurs are the cause of all heel pain, but this is not the case. Ankle pain is caused by a variety of causes, from bruising to bone destruction. Take a close look at your symptoms to determine the true cause of the pain.
Folk recipes advise limiting the use of pickles, smoked meats and salt as such. Since this will significantly reduce the processes of calcium deposition and prevent the onset of the disease. It will be useful to use a large amount of purified water without mineral salts and impurities. To achieve this effect, use bottled water or purify it with special filters. Nutritionists recommend drinking up to 3 liters of water per day, depending on your physical activity and body weight.
It is good to drink rosehip broth, alkaline mineral waters, green tea with milk. It will be useful to limit the consumption of carbohydrate foods and increase the content of fiber and pectins in your diet. For example, flax seeds, psyllium (psyllium husk), wheat and oat bran will help remove toxins from the body and normalize salt balance.
Treatment at home is quite a difficult task and is more suitable as an additional therapy than as a main method of treatment. Stretches for the lower leg and surrounding muscles, as well as the plantar fascia, can help relieve tension and pressure on the heel spur. Cold compresses and all kinds of natural poultices are considered folk remedies for treating spurs, designed to relieve inflammation and reduce pain.
Cold therapy can help to significantly reduce inflammation in the heel tissue. One option is to apply a cloth-covered ice pack to the heel. You can apply a cold compress with a special gel that can be stored in the refrigerator and used several times. This way of relieving pain is an excellent solution after a hard day, even for tired legs without heel spurs.
A watermelon diet has proven itself well, which contains a sufficient amount of calories and thereby quickly satisfies the feeling of hunger. Properly organized nutrition, as well as a diet for heel spurs, can significantly alleviate the symptoms of this disease and reduce pain. Eating the right foods speeds up the healing process and improves the condition of the whole organism as a whole. The main thing to remember is that folk remedies are not a panacea and in a serious condition it is better to consult a doctor.
Causes of the disease
A heel spur occurs when prolonged muscle and ligament tension wears down the soft tissues of the heel. Another popular cause is a tear in the membrane that covers the heel bone. Wearing high heels all the time can make your lower leg more vulnerable as you age. One of the most common causes of heel pain in 2015 is the wear of the heel pads with age. Wear does not allow them to provide sufficient cushioning and support the foot during movement.
Improper diet or rhythm of life over time can lead to the accumulation of calcium deposits under the heel. These deposits form bony protrusions that cause discomfort and pain. Bone growths in the form of a kind of spike or beak near the plantar surface near the calcaneal tuber or at the place where the Achilles tendon is attached are commonly called heel spurs.
Heel spurs are characterized by severe discomfort and pain in the back of the foot. At the beginning of the disease, pain occurs only when walking. Most often, patients suffering from this disease complain of “starting” pain that occurs when the leg just touched the floor and the weight of the body was transferred to it.
Some people are more prone to developing heel spurs than others. This is due to the peculiarities of the structure of their bones and tendons, the presence of excess weight, flat feet. Athletes, people with chronic diseases of the joints and spine are more likely to get a heel spur. Also, the cause of the formation of spurs can be acute and chronic trauma, rheumatism, infection, vascular and neurodystrophic disorders.
When a spur is found on the heel, it is especially difficult to take the first steps after sleeping or sitting for a long time. The load increases pain, so playing sports or even slight pressure causes severe discomfort. Ankle pain can vary in duration and intensity. So the pain sensations with a heel spur are burning, sharp when resting on the heel, defined by patients as a feeling of a nail in the heel. They can also spread both throughout the heel area and localized on the inner surface of the foot. During the day, the pain when walking sometimes subsides, and in the evening it arises with renewed vigor. After a long time, the pain can become persistent chronic.
Symptoms of pyatochnaya shpora may include:
- sharp pain like a knife in the heel when you get up in the morning
- dull pain in the heel during the rest of the day
- inflammation and swelling in the front of the heel
- heat from the affected area
- small, visible bony protrusion under the heel
- tender point at the bottom of the heel that makes it difficult to walk barefoot
If a person experiences these symptoms, a doctor may take an X-ray of the foot to determine the problem. If the protrusion is clearly visible on an x-ray, then this is an effective way to make sure that a person has spurs on the foot.
Not all sufferers will experience the most popular symptoms. Some people with heel spurs may not experience any symptoms at all. These people may only discover they have a problem if their X-ray shows it.
Choosing medical treatment
Treating a heel spur is a rather time-consuming task, and you cannot cope with this problem on your own. The process of restoring ankle mobility should be complex. First, you need to take an X-ray of the foot in a lateral projection. This is necessary for differential diagnosis and for selecting the right size of insoles.
Currently, medical treatment consists in providing unloading of the foot using various kinds of insoles and heels. It includes a physiotherapeutic complex: mud applications, ultrasound therapy, local administration of corticosteroid blockades, radiotherapy. If drugs for the treatment of heel spurs do not have the desired effect, the only available method is used – surgery (removal of the bone outgrowth by surgery and excision of the altered tissues). There is currently no guaranteed cure. Understanding what works best for heel spurs is difficult due to the lack of research in this area. Therefore, the recurrence of the pain syndrome is quite common.
According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, a doctor will usually only recommend heel spur surgery if conservative methods like the ones above have failed. There are various surgical procedures and approaches. The most common approach is to detach the plantar fascia ligament from the calcaneus and remove the heel spur using special instruments. This relieves pressure from the plantar fascia and eliminates the heel spur.
To reduce pain and facilitate walking, it is recommended to use various ointments and creams that accelerate blood circulation, enhancing the nutrition of aponeurosis cells. Due to this, inflammatory processes are faster, and tissue regeneration is accelerated. It is necessary to treat the foot with this problem comprehensively, and the treatment itself takes a long time, so you should not expect a quick result.
Opinions differ on what not to do with a heel spur. Some advise to follow a strict diet and do not allow concessions in nutrition. Others insist that physical activity is harmful to patients and recommend that sports and any manifestations of activity that can additionally injure the injured leg be excluded. In any case, it is important to be careful and take care of your body, and at the first symptoms of malaise, consult a doctor.